The basic theory of Radar. Radar controls. Radar plotting and exercises. Automatic Radar Plotting Aid (ARPA). ARPA symbols and controls use Radar and ARPA to ensure safe navigation. Electronic charts and ECDIS. Automatic Identification System (AIS). Long-range identification and tracking system (LRIT). Voyage Data Recorder (VDR). IMO performance standards. Integrated Bridge Systems. E-navigation applications.