The Caucasus & Central Asia   This course will cover the modern history of the countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia which obtained independence following the breakdown of the Soviet Union in 1991. These include the present states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia in the Caucasus, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The first part of the course will provide a historical background necessary to understand the problems of the post-Soviet period. The second part will analyze the radical transformations in the region following the collapse of the Soviet Union and subsequently will focus on major regional conflicts such as the Karabagh issue between Azerbaijan and Armenia and the 2008 War between Georgia and Russia.